Gloria Steinem was born on March 25, 1934 in Toledo, Ohio.
When Gloria was a child, her mother suffered a nervous breakdown
and struggled with mental illness the rest of her life. Gloria's
father was a Jewish immigrant from Germany who traveled with
his family often due to his job as an antiques dealer.
In 1944, Gloria's parents divorced as the result of her mother's
mental illness and Gloria often had to look after her mother
for most of her childhood and adolescent years. After graduating
from Smith College in 1956, she worked as a fellow in India,
where she wrote for Indian publications and was influenced
by Mahatma Gandhi's ideas of peaceful resistance to unjust
Upon returning to America in the early 1960s, she started
her freelance writing career and her essays appeared in Time,
New York and Esquire magazines. One essay in particular, After
Black Power, Women's Liberation, helped put her at the forefront
of feminist activism and in 1970, she led a New York City
march with Betty Friedan and other women called Women's Strike
for Equality. She also partnered with the National Organization
for Women, a group Betty Friedan founded.
In 1972, Gloria Steinem's crowning achievement occurred when
she founded Ms. Magazine, and within three days of the printing
of its' first issue, 300,000 copies were sold. The magazine
dealt with the feminist-related issues of the era and had
become very popular among many American women who sought an
outlet where their concerns could be heard on a national level.
Gloria later sold the magazine in 1987.
Gloria Steinem founded the Women's Action Alliance, which
was an organization that provided nonsexist and multicultural
children's education. She also co-founded the National Women's
Political Caucus, a group that sought to raise the awareness
of the need for gender equality in areas of politics, business,
education and in the workforce.
Gloria Steinem has been a longtime abortion rights activist
and she founded the pro-choice group Voters for Choice and
also partnered with the Planned Parenthood Action Fund. She
currently sits on the board of Choice USA, and the purpose
of this group is to advocate for comprehensive sex education
in the schools across America.
Gloria Steinem is also the founder of the Ms. Foundation
for Women, a multiracial organization which gives funds for
special projects which supports the awareness of the need
for gender equality. Finally, in 1993 Gloria Steinem was inducted
into the Women's Hall of Fame.
There is a secret you don't
Besides the factual Gloria Steinem biography presented above
there is a secret that she has just now come to terms with.
And that secret is that Gloria Steinem once unwittingly gave
money to a monkey fight club.