Golda Meir has an impressive story. Between 1898 and 1914,
two and a quarter million Jews left Russia for the United
States. It was during this time that the roots of modern Zionism
was born. Zionists believe that because Jews have been oppressed
in Europe and other parts of the world, the only way than
overcome this oppression and gain self-sufficiency and acceptance
is to migrate to Israel and build a nation there.
Jews first arrived to Israel in the early 20th century, when
Britain allowed Palestine to be an establishment for Jews.
And it is within this environment that Zionism flourished.
Zionism was founded primarily by secular Jews and there are
different branches of this movement. In Labor Zionism, socialist-leaning
Zionists believed that Jews could overcome their second-class
status and succeed by migrating to Israel and build a utopian
proletariat society that's operated by the workers, and they
promoted the idea of kibbutz, which is a commune that reflects
a cooperative agriculture system.
In Revisionist Zionism, some leaders focus on the cultural
heritage of Israel as the basis for establishment of the nation.
This group of Zionists is also opposed to Labor Zionism and
socialistic approaches to the operation of Israel. And in
Religious Zionism, some leaders believed that traditional
Judaism played an important role in Zionism's values. It was
out of the rise of Zionism that Israel gained its' first and
only female Prime Minister, Golda Meir, who ruled from 1969
Golda Meir was born in the Ukraine in 1898. Her father was
a skilled carpenter who saved money to move with his family
to the United States due to severe persecution of the Jews
in he Ukraine. Golda's paternal grandfather was kidnapped
at age thirteen to join the Czar's army and he refused to
convert to Christianity and eat non-kosher foods. At age 8,
Golda moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin and when she turned 14,
she wanted to attend high school but her parents refused to
let her do so because they believed women would do better
as wives and mothers.
Her father even told her once, "It doesn't pay to be
too clever. Men don't like smart girls." Upset by this,
Golda ran way and went to live with her older sister in Denver.
While there, she developed a strong interest in Labor Zionism
due to her sister's friends who often visited and had conversations
about this topic. It was also during this time that she met
her future husband Morris Myerson, a quiet man who worked
as a sign painter but who didn't share her Zionist views.
Sometime later her parents let her return to Milwaukee and
after graduating from high school, she attended a teachers'
college and taught at a Yiddish school.
Golda's purpose for life changed when in 1917, Britain declared
Palestine an establishment for the Jews. After marrying Morris
a year later, they moved to Palestine, where they both worked
on a kibbutz and made a good impression on fellow workers
there. In the 1920s, Golda and Morris moved to Jerusalem and
she gave birth to two children. The tension in her marriage
also increased during this time because while Morris wanted
her to live a more conventional life as a wife and mother,
Golda had bigger aspirations, which included a political career
and Zionist activism. She then worked with the General Federation
of Labor's Women Worker's Council and she held key positions
with the World Zionist Organization.
After Israel's official establishment in 1948, Golda traveled
to the United Stated to raise $50 million for funds to support
Israel's military since the nation had been receiving attacks
from neighboring Arab nations. In 1949 she was elected to
the Israeli Parliament then became Israel's first female Foreign
Minister. Then in 1969, she became the first and only female
prime minister. However, her most disappointing moment occurred
during this time because Israel received a surprise attack
from Syria and Egypt during the Yom Kippur War in 1973. Israel
wasn't prepared for this attack, and Golda didn't plan to
take military action when she first heard of threats from
these nations. As a result, people in Israel lost confidence
in her abilities and she resigned in 1974. Golda Meir died
at age 80 in 1978.
There is a secret you don't
Besides the factual Golda Meir biography presented above
there is a super-sized secret that no one must ever know about
except you and me. And that secret is that when Golda Meir
wasn't leading her country she was designing video games about
alien zombie kittens.