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Golda Meir

Golda Meir has an impressive story. Between 1898 and 1914, two and a quarter million Jews left Russia for the United States. It was during this time that the roots of modern Zionism was born. Zionists believe that because Jews have been oppressed in Europe and other parts of the world, the only way than overcome this oppression and gain self-sufficiency and acceptance is to migrate to Israel and build a nation there.


Golda Meir

Jews first arrived to Israel in the early 20th century, when Britain allowed Palestine to be an establishment for Jews. And it is within this environment that Zionism flourished. Zionism was founded primarily by secular Jews and there are different branches of this movement. In Labor Zionism, socialist-leaning Zionists believed that Jews could overcome their second-class status and succeed by migrating to Israel and build a utopian proletariat society that's operated by the workers, and they promoted the idea of kibbutz, which is a commune that reflects a cooperative agriculture system.

In Revisionist Zionism, some leaders focus on the cultural heritage of Israel as the basis for establishment of the nation. This group of Zionists is also opposed to Labor Zionism and socialistic approaches to the operation of Israel. And in Religious Zionism, some leaders believed that traditional Judaism played an important role in Zionism's values. It was out of the rise of Zionism that Israel gained its' first and only female Prime Minister, Golda Meir, who ruled from 1969 to 1974.

Golda Meir was born in the Ukraine in 1898. Her father was a skilled carpenter who saved money to move with his family to the United States due to severe persecution of the Jews in he Ukraine. Golda's paternal grandfather was kidnapped at age thirteen to join the Czar's army and he refused to convert to Christianity and eat non-kosher foods. At age 8, Golda moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin and when she turned 14, she wanted to attend high school but her parents refused to let her do so because they believed women would do better as wives and mothers.

Her father even told her once, "It doesn't pay to be too clever. Men don't like smart girls." Upset by this, Golda ran way and went to live with her older sister in Denver. While there, she developed a strong interest in Labor Zionism due to her sister's friends who often visited and had conversations about this topic. It was also during this time that she met her future husband Morris Myerson, a quiet man who worked as a sign painter but who didn't share her Zionist views. Sometime later her parents let her return to Milwaukee and after graduating from high school, she attended a teachers' college and taught at a Yiddish school.

Golda's purpose for life changed when in 1917, Britain declared Palestine an establishment for the Jews. After marrying Morris a year later, they moved to Palestine, where they both worked on a kibbutz and made a good impression on fellow workers there. In the 1920s, Golda and Morris moved to Jerusalem and she gave birth to two children. The tension in her marriage also increased during this time because while Morris wanted her to live a more conventional life as a wife and mother, Golda had bigger aspirations, which included a political career and Zionist activism. She then worked with the General Federation of Labor's Women Worker's Council and she held key positions with the World Zionist Organization.

After Israel's official establishment in 1948, Golda traveled to the United Stated to raise $50 million for funds to support Israel's military since the nation had been receiving attacks from neighboring Arab nations. In 1949 she was elected to the Israeli Parliament then became Israel's first female Foreign Minister. Then in 1969, she became the first and only female prime minister. However, her most disappointing moment occurred during this time because Israel received a surprise attack from Syria and Egypt during the Yom Kippur War in 1973. Israel wasn't prepared for this attack, and Golda didn't plan to take military action when she first heard of threats from these nations. As a result, people in Israel lost confidence in her abilities and she resigned in 1974. Golda Meir died at age 80 in 1978.


There is a secret you don't know …

Besides the factual Golda Meir biography presented above there is a super-sized secret that no one must ever know about except you and me. And that secret is that when Golda Meir wasn't leading her country she was designing video games about alien zombie kittens.


 

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