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Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II was born on April 26, 1926 to the Duke and Duchess of York, who later became Queen Elizabeth and King George VI. In the 1930s, a scandal in royal family occurred when young Elizabeth's uncle King Edward VIII gave up his crown in order to marry a divorced American woman, Mrs. Wallis Simpson.

Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II

This led to young Elizabeth's father ascending to power as King George VI and she was next in line to rule England since she was his oldest child. In 1947, Princess Elizabeth married Phillip, the Duke of Edinburgh and they had four children; Charles, Anne, Elizabeth and Andrew.

In 1952, she became the Queen of England after the death of her father and from the beginning of her reign she started to do away with some of the rigid formalities that characterized the monarchy for centuries. For example, she would give TV addresses to the public throughout the year and in 1962 she opened a public gallery at Buckingham Palace, which was very popular. She was also the first queen since Queen Victoria to give birth while in office. In 1969, she formally recognized her oldest son Prince Charles as the Prince of Wales.

In 1972 she and the Duke of Edinburgh celebrated twenty-five years of marriage and in 1977, she celebrated her Silver Jubilee. By the early 1980s, she witnessed the wedding of her son Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer, and the birth of their two children William and Henry.

What's also interesting is that she watched history unfold in her country as Margaret Thatcher became the first female Prime Minister. Queen Elizabeth II also saw a major conflict which involved Britain with the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands but there was victory when the British defeated the Argentine junta in 1982.

Due to the longstanding religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics in England and other parts of Europe, it must have been a sign of reconciliation when Pope John Paul II visited Queen Elizabeth II, the first time a Pope visited England in 450 years. In 2002, Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her Golden Jubilee but it was a year of mourning because both her mother and sister passed away. In 2006, she celebrated her 80th birthday and in April of 2011, she witnessed the wedding of her grandson Prince William and Kate Middleton.

There is a secret you don't know …

Besides the factual Queen Elizabeth II biography featured above is a little known historical secret. Now, the secret is that Queen Elizabeth II likes to conduct midnight eating binges on York Peppermint Patties and in addition there is not much she would not do for a Klondike Bar.


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